NW Hedgerows poster
32 plants and animals of the NW that are great for restoring riparian buffers.
Painting by Suzanne Duranceau
Suggested Hedgerow Plants for Western Washington
Numerous native trees and shrubs can be incorporated into a hedgerow. Your reasons for planting a hedge will help determine the choice of suitable species. Important considerations when selecting plant material for a hedgerow include:
- produce a stockproof hedge in a reasonable amount of time
- consider the longevity and the vigor potential of plants.
- be easily kept in bounds
- be strong enough to resist the efforts of animals
- provide small animals with a place to escape, which is made easier if the hedge has thorns
- produce shoots close to the ground, containing both small and larger animals
- choose plants which are suited to soil type
- disease resistantance
- inedible and unattractive to livestock within the field
Listed below are some native plants that have met the criteria as good hedgerow candidates in flood plain and livestock pasture situations. It is important to be familiar with your soils when choosing plant material. Differences in growth along the hedgerow
may occur according to plant and soil type. It is suggested that a soil survey be conducted along the entire length of the hedgerow to determine any soil variation.
|Douglas Fir||Dry to Moist||grows to 150’|
|Shore Pine||Dry to Wet||grows to 65’|
|Hemlock||Moist to Wet||grows to 200’|
|Red Cedar||Moist to Wet||grows to 200’|
|Sitka Spruce||Moist to Wet||grows to 200’|
Dry to Moist
grows to 25’, a favorite because of thorny branches and tolerance of severe pruning.
|Cascara||Moist to Wet||grows to 30’, has a strong root system, will tolerate shade.|
|Oregon Ash||Moist to Wet||grows to 30 to 50’, attractive to birds, tough wood.|
|Pacific Crab Apple||Moist to Wet||grows to 35’|
|Beaked Hazelnut||Dry to Moist|
grows to 20’, advantage is it’s dense growth habit.
|Scoulers Willow||Moist||grows to 30’.|
|Hardhack Spirea||Moist to Wet|
grows to 10’, very aggressive growth habits.
|Indian Plum||Dry to Moist||grows to 15’, dense growth habit|
|Myrica Californica||Dry to Moist||grows to 15’, semi-evergreen|
|Nootka Rose||Dry to Moist|
grows to 8’, thorny habit beneficial to livestock restraint.
|Swamp Rose||Moist to Wet||grows to 8’, thorny growth habit|
|Oregon Grape||Dry||evergreen, grows to 6’, tolerates shade and is somewhat thorny.|
|Red Twig Dogwood||Moist to Wet|
grows to 15’, vigorous root system with multi-stemmed growth.
|Snowberry||Dry to Moist||dense shrub grows to 3’|